30 weeks pregnant
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
There is a lot going on, inside and out, for your baby when you’re 30 weeks pregnant. Tiny toenails are beginning to appear and their nerve fibres are growing rapidly to allow brain impulses to travel faster. This cognitive development is supported by iron, so it is important that your diet contains enough.
Your baby's development at 30 weeks
Time to turn in week 30
In week 30 of your pregnancy, your baby measures around 27cm from head to bottom and weighs somewhere in the region of 3lbs. Their brain and lungs continue to mature, while on the outside, tiny toenails begin to grow.
It’s around now that the white, greasy vernix and the soft, fine hair known as lanugo start to disappear – a sign that your baby has enough fat under their skin to keep them warm.
Many babies assume the head-down position at this time in preparation for their journey into the outside world. Don’t worry if your midwife detects that your baby hasn’t turned yet – there’s still plenty of time.
Keep thinking about iron?
Iron is a key nutrient throughout pregnancy. It carries oxygen around your body in your blood cells, passing it to your baby through the placenta, and plays a significant role in your baby’s cognitive development.
For this reason, it is important to eat plenty of iron-rich foods throughout pregnancy, such as meat, oily fish and eggs. Plant-based sources include bread and iron fortified breakfast cereals; dark green, leafy vegetables like watercress, curly kale and broccoli; dried fruit such as figs and apricots; and pulses.
Most pregnant women can maintain adequate iron levels in the blood from diet alone. If you are at risk of having low iron levels you may be prescribed a supplement by your GP.
It is worth remembering that some foods inhibit iron uptake while others improve it. Vitamin C aids iron uptake from plant sources, so it is a good idea to drink a glass of vitamin C-rich fruit juice or eat a piece of fruit at mealtimes. Calcium can have the opposite effect, as can the tannins found in tea and coffee. This doesn’t mean you should avoid them. You should be able to get the iron you need from a well-balanced diet.
Make sure you get enough of the following iron-containing foods:
- Lean meat and oily fish such as sardines
- Dark green vegetables like broccoli, watercress and curly kale
- Nuts, especially cashew nuts
- Pulses, chickpeas, beans and lentils
- Wholegrains, including wholemeal bread, and iron-fortified breakfast cereals
- Dried fruit like apricots, prunes and raisins
Your baby, this week
Discover the science behind your baby's developments, week-by-week
Questions about feeding and nutrition?
Our nutritionists and feeding advisors are always on hand to talk about feeding your baby. So if you have a question, just get in touch.