The browser you are using is too old for our website. Please visit from Chrome and you will be able to browse normally.


      Discover The Natural Brilliance of Breast Milk


      Discover The Natural Brilliance of Breast Milk

      Uniquely tailored to meet your baby's needs.

      Your breast milk is unique to you and your baby, and is designed to support babies from their very first hours of life.  

      It contains the perfect combination of nutrients to support their growing needs, with fats, lactose, and human milk oligosaccharides, plus vitamins, minerals and immune factors e.g. antibodies.


      Why breast milk is best

      Breast milk is designed especially for your baby and contains all the nutrition they need for the first six months of life. It's a complex substance with is unique to each mum with a nutritional content completely tailored to their baby. 

      What’s in breast milk?

      Breast milk is naturally made up of

      • Fats (including LCPs)
      • Carbohydrates mainly consisting of lactose and human milk oligosaccharides
      • Proteins for example whey and casein
      • Vitamins and minerals

      Through extensive research into breast milk, we’ve learnt a lot about the functional benefits of key components such as LCPs, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and nucleotides which all play an important part in the first few months of your baby's life, contributing to their general wellbeing and healthy development.



      Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, or LCPs, are important for the development of your baby’s brain. Research has shown that two particularly important LCPs – AA and DHA – are found in breast milk. There’s also evidence that consuming more LCPs during pregnancy and while breastfeeding can be beneficial for your baby’s development, encouraging better visual and brain development and movement skills.

      The main ways to include LCPs in your diet are by eating fish, eggs and meat. Oily fish like mackerel, sardines, tuna and salmon are a good source of both AA and DHA. LCPs can also be made by the body from the essential fatty acids found in leafy greens, nuts, vegetable oil and seeds. However, the process of converting the fats in these foods into beneficial DHA isn’t very efficient, which is why it is important to also consume these in your diet.

      Varying fat content

      The amount of fat in breast milk varies during each individual feed, as well as from feed to feed during the day (24 hours). This variation in fat can be detected through the consistency of your breast milk. Sometimes it can appear thinner and more watery and as the fat content increases it becomes thicker and creamier.

      Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) 

      Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are carbohydrate molecules that naturally occur in breast milk. On average, they are the third largest solid component in breast milk behind lactose and lipids and every litre of breast milk contains 12–15g of HMOs. Breast milk has around 200 known HMO structures that work together to help your baby develop a healthy immune system through the gut.

      HMOs can progress through the digestive tract to reach the lower gut undigested. There, they can stimulate the growth and activity of beneficial bacteria. A well-balanced gut microbiota is key for a healthy development and immune function.


      Your breast milk contains an enormous amount of antibodies that help to support your baby’s immune system, and therefore help your baby’s ability to fight off the infections.


      Breast milk is rich in nucleotides, which are the building blocks for all cells in the body, including the immune system. Research has shown that nucleotides support the activity of certain cells within the immune system, helping protect the body against infection.


      Brighter futures start here

      Discover more about infant development to help shape your baby's future

      Join now for free

      Breast milk and immunity

      Colostrum, the yellowish coloured milk produced after giving birth, is full of germ-fighting antibodies and immune cells. It’s extremely concentrated, so your baby only needs a small amount at each feed, which may be quite frequent. These calorie-rich first feeds coat the lining of your baby’s gut to help protect them from germs and may reduce the risk of developing allergies at a later date.

      As you continue to breastfeed, your breast milk will still contain antibodies. And as you come into contact with new infections, your breast milk will contain new antibodies which will automatically give your baby some immunity.

      The human milk oligosaccharides found in breast milk have also been shown to have a direct influence on the immune system, directly interacting with immune cells in the gut

      Breast milk and weaning

      What’s also incredible is that your breast milk will vary in taste according to what you've eaten  – which in turn means your baby may be more likely to accept a wider range of tastes when it comes to weaning.

      Important notice

      Breastfeeding is best for babies and provides many benefits. It is important that, in preparation for and during breastfeeding, you eat a varied, balanced diet. Combined breast and bottle feeding in the first weeks of life may reduce the supply of your own breastmilk, and reversing the decision not to breastfeed is difficult. Always consult your healthcare professional for advice about feeding your baby.

      Read next:

      Your baby's future health begins here

      Your baby's future health begins here

      At Aptaclub, we believe that experience helps to build resilience; that
      each new encounter, whether in pregnancy or after birth, can shape your
      baby’s future development. With our scientific expertise and one-to-one
      round the clock support, we can help you and your baby embrace tomorrow.

      Join Aptaclub

      Questions about feeding and nutrition?

      Our nutritionists and feeding advisors are always on hand to talk about feeding your baby. So if you have a question, just get in touch.

      Brighter futures start here

      Discover more about infant development to help shape your baby's future

      Join now for free

      Your privacy is important to us and therefore we would like to explain how we use cookies on this website. With your consent, we will use cookies to measure and analyse how our website is used (analytical cookies), to tailor it to your interests (personalisation cookies), and to show you relevant advertising and information (targeting cookies) we think you will like. For more information please read the cookie statement.

      Privacy Settings

      You can choose your preferences anytime for cookies and tracking. For more information please read our cookie policy.

      • Strictly necessary

        They are necessary for the website to function and cannot be switched off. They are usually only set in response to actions made by you which amount to a request for services (setting your privacy preferences, logging in, filling in forms, etc.). You can set your browser to block or alert you about these cookies, but some parts of the site will not then work.

      • Analytical cookies

        They allow us to count visits and traffic sources, to measure and improve the performance of our site. They show us which pages are the most and least popular and how visitors move around the site. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.

      • Personalisation cookies

        They enable website’s enhanced functionality and personalization. They may be set by us or by third parties whose services we have added to our pages. If you do not allow these cookies, some or all of these services may not function properly.

      • Targeting cookies

        They may be set through our site by our advertising partners, to build a profile of your interests and to show you relevant adverts on other sites. They do not store directly personal information, but are based on uniquely identifying your browser and internet device. If you do not allow these cookies, you will experience less targeted advertising.