Your baby's heart is beating twice as fast as yours
An adult's heart usually beats around 60 - 100 times per minute but your baby's is already beating 150 beats per minute - this will even increase further to 170 in a couple of weeks.
Your little future genius already has a functioning and rapidly growing brain!
Your baby's head will appear larger than their body as their brain grows rapidly now. When they are born, around 25% of their adult brain will already be formed. This will increase to about 80% by the time they are 3 years old.
Fingerprints are formed in the womb by your baby touching the environment around them
Your baby is reaching out and touching structures such as the cord and the uterus walls. The pressue of this on their tiny fingers will result in "friction ridges" which form fingerprints that last a lifetime!
Baby might be tasting different flavours depending on what you eat!
Your baby's taste buds are now formed and as they swallow mouthfuls of your amniotic fluid they may experience different flavours depending on what you eat.
Baby can now get hiccups and their vocal chords are complete
Although you can't hear them making any sounds as sound can't travel through your uterus they are practising using their vocal cords before they are even born. And once baby arrives you will see that they have been giving them a good workout!
Your baby will quadruple in weight during month 4
During the second trimester you need to increase your calorie requirements very slightly. You need about 350kcal extra per day and this can be easily reached with just 1-2 extra healthy snacks.
Your baby's kidneys are now producing urine and they are practicing making breathing movements even though they are getting the oxygen they need from the placenta. Their head is about a third the size of their body - as the weeks progress their proportions will become more like that of a newborn baby. Their first hair is now appearing on their head and eyebrow hair is developing. Their body is covered in a very fine hair called Lanugo which they will shed before birth. This protects their skin which is still very transparent from the water in the amniotic sac.
You may find it difficult sometimes with cravings to avoid "treat" foods but try to limit these as much as possible as they can be high in salt, sugar or saturated fats and have little nutritional value for you and your baby. Remember that the nutrition you give your baby now can have an impact on their future health so try to be conscious of making healthy choices. A diet rich in a variety of fresh and unprocessed foods will give you plenty of the nutrients you need at each stage of pregnancy. Vitamin A found in foods such as carrots will support healthy skin. Selenium is one nutrient found in foods such as chicken and sunflower seeds which is important now for healthy hair.
Baby is covered in a fine hair called lanugo
The fine hair that covers their body is to protect their skin which is still very transparent. Most babies will shed this hair before birth but some babies (particularly if they arrive early) may not shed it until after birth.
Baby can now make a fist
Their legs and arms have grown significantly in the last few weeks and their body is now longer than their head which developed more radidply to begin with.
Baby is practicing breathing by inhaling and exhaling small amounts of amniotic fluid
This breathing practice will help their lungs to develop and grow. Your little one can now make different facial expressions and they are becoming more active.
Your baby's eyes are closed and will stay that way until about week 28 of pregnancy
Your baby is now starting to store fat underneath their skin. This will help to keep them warm and provide energy so make sure you are including healthy source of fat in your diet.
Your baby can now hear your heart beating and soon they will hear noises in the outside world too
Your heartbeat will become a source of comfort to them over the coming months as they hear it gently beat they will get used to the rhythm.
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