Baby's lungs, liver and pancreas are all being formed
You may be feeling tired at the moment and it is no wonder with all that's going on inside you. Your body is getting used to lots of physical changes and your baby is growing rapidly.
Your baby's heart is beating twice as fast as yours
An adult's heart usually beats around 60 - 100 times per minute but your baby's is already beating 150 beats per minute - this will even increase further to 170 in a couple of weeks.
Your little future genius already has a functioning and rapidly growing brain!
Your baby's head will appear larger than their body as their brain grows rapidly now. When they are born, around 25% of their adult brain will already be formed. This will increase to about 80% by the time they are 3 years old.
Fingerprints are formed in the womb by your baby touching the environment around them
Your baby is reaching out and touching structures such as the cord and the uterus walls. The pressue of this on their tiny fingers will result in "friction ridges" which form fingerprints that last a lifetime!
Baby might be tasting different flavours depending on what you eat!
Your baby's taste buds are now formed and as they swallow mouthfuls of your amniotic fluid they may experience different flavours depending on what you eat.
Baby can now get hiccups and their vocal chords are complete
Although you can't hear them making any sounds as sound can't travel through your uterus they are practising using their vocal cords before they are even born. And once baby arrives you will see that they have been giving them a good workout!
This week your baby's fingernails and toenails are appearing. They can now suck their thumb and get hiccups! They now have a chin and a nose and their vocal chords are complete. Their pancreas is functioning and producing insulin and their brain is now fully formed. The eyelids will now cover over and they will remain closed until around 28 weeks. It's important to remember that you are now feeding your growing baby as well as yourself so a healthy diet is key.
At each stage of your pregnancy different nutrients will play a different role. For example this week as your baby's nails are growing - zinc is one nutrient which will support healthy nails and it is also important for cell division which is still occurring rapidly. It's also important to keep an eye on your sugar intake as your baby is now producing insulin. It may be hard to believe but the nutrition that your baby receives now can have an effect for their whole future. Early life nutrition helps to lay the foundations for baby’s health; from organ development to how genes function and interact.
Your baby will quadruple in weight during month 4
During the second trimester you need to increase your calorie requirements very slightly. You need about 350kcal extra per day and this can be easily reached with just 1-2 extra healthy snacks.
Baby is covered in a fine hair called lanugo
The fine hair that covers their body is to protect their skin which is still very transparent. Most babies will shed this hair before birth but some babies (particularly if they arrive early) may not shed it until after birth.
Baby can now make a fist
Their legs and arms have grown significantly in the last few weeks and their body is now longer than their head which developed more radidply to begin with.
Baby is practicing breathing by inhaling and exhaling small amounts of amniotic fluid
This breathing practice will help their lungs to develop and grow. Your little one can now make different facial expressions and they are becoming more active.
Your baby's eyes are closed and will stay that way until about week 28 of pregnancy
Your baby is now starting to store fat underneath their skin. This will help to keep them warm and provide energy so make sure you are including healthy source of fat in your diet.
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