Your baby's heart will soon start to beat
Already, your baby is receiving nutrition and oxygen through your placenta. This will continue to pass them nutrients from you and oxygen throughout the next 8 months.
Baby's lungs, liver and pancreas are all being formed
You may be feeling tired at the moment and it is no wonder with all that's going on inside you. Your body is getting used to lots of physical changes and your baby is growing rapidly.
Your baby's heart is beating twice as fast as yours
An adult's heart usually beats around 60 - 100 times per minute but your baby's is already beating 150 beats per minute - this will even increase further to 170 in a couple of weeks.
Your little future genius already has a functioning and rapidly growing brain!
Your baby's head will appear larger than their body as their brain grows rapidly now. When they are born, around 25% of their adult brain will already be formed. This will increase to about 80% by the time they are 3 years old.
Fingerprints are formed in the womb by your baby touching the environment around them
Your baby is reaching out and touching structures such as the cord and the uterus walls. The pressue of this on their tiny fingers will result in "friction ridges" which form fingerprints that last a lifetime!
Baby might be tasting different flavours depending on what you eat!
Your baby's taste buds are now formed and as they swallow mouthfuls of your amniotic fluid they may experience different flavours depending on what you eat.
Your baby can now swallow and stick out their tongue! Their taste buds are starting to develop and they may soon be able to taste different flavours from the amniotic fluid. Twenty little tooth buds are now forming - the beginning of your baby's complete set of milk teeth. As well as that, cartilage is now calcifying to become bone. At this stage in your pregnancy you are probably finding it very difficult not to tell people your news. Discovering you’re pregnant is a big life-changing event and it’s normal to feel a mixture of apprehension and excitement. Many women wait until after the first trimester (12 weeks) before announcing their happy news.
Calcium is important for healthy teeth and for healthy bones so as your baby's teeth and bones grow make sure you are getting enough in your diet to support their growth as well as your own healthy bones. Calcium can be found in foods such as milk, cheese and yoghurt. Vitamin D is also essential to aid calcium absorption for healthy bones and teeth. Vitamin D is only present naturally in a few foods such as oily fish and eggs. The best source of vitamin D is the sun but since we don't get enough of it here due to Ireland's altitude it is recommended to take a 5ug supplement during pregnancy to ensure you and your baby are getting enough.
Baby can now get hiccups and their vocal chords are complete
Although you can't hear them making any sounds as sound can't travel through your uterus they are practising using their vocal cords before they are even born. And once baby arrives you will see that they have been giving them a good workout!
Your baby will quadruple in weight during month 4
During the second trimester you need to increase your calorie requirements very slightly. You need about 350kcal extra per day and this can be easily reached with just 1-2 extra healthy snacks.
Baby is covered in a fine hair called lanugo
The fine hair that covers their body is to protect their skin which is still very transparent. Most babies will shed this hair before birth but some babies (particularly if they arrive early) may not shed it until after birth.
Baby can now make a fist
Their legs and arms have grown significantly in the last few weeks and their body is now longer than their head which developed more radidply to begin with.
Baby is practicing breathing by inhaling and exhaling small amounts of amniotic fluid
This breathing practice will help their lungs to develop and grow. Your little one can now make different facial expressions and they are becoming more active.
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